An outline of the Book of Isaiah
Hebrew Name - Yeshayahu "Yah is salvation"
Greek Name - Esaias (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Isaiah (According to Tradition)
Date - 760 BC Approximately
Theme - The kingdom of the Messiah
Types and Shadows - In Isaiah Jesus is the suffering servant
Isaiah prophesied during one of the worst times in the history of Israel. The Israelites had become so corrupt God was going to remove them out of His sight. He raised up the Assyrian army to be an unmerciful, barbaric, ruthless, an unstoppable war machine. Their military tactics are still applauded today by those who understand the art of war. God called them from their distant land to come and destroy the Jews living in the north, and take them away from their homeland. Isaiah was living in Judah, in the city of Jerusalem during a time when King Uzziah had died. Isaiah prophesied during the reign of King Uzziah, King Jotham, King Ahaz, King Hezekiah, and probably King Manasseh of Judah. His prophetic ministry lasted from about 760 BC until about 720 BC. Isaiah chapter 6 records a powerful vision that Isaiah received of God the King on his throne, and the king called Isaiah to prophesy to His people. This was Isaiah's call to ministry as a prophet of God and it is interesting that it was at a time when king Uzziah had just died. King Uzziah was faithful servant of the Lord and people felt secure under his leadership, but when he died there was almost a panic. This is when the Lord showed Isaiah who was really on the throne. Isaiah was terrified at the sight of God's holiness (Isaiah 6) and when the Lord called him and asked him who will go with this message and Isaiah said "here am I, send me." Isaiah warned Jerusalem about her idolatry, and her foreign alliances, but they scorned him. They did not listen to his warnings and quickly destroy their instruments of idolatry. He prophesied about the Assyrians who would destroy the northern kingdom, they were also good to come to Jerusalem but God would deliver them. But he also told them that eventually the city will be destroyed and captured by the Babylonians, and that a Persian ruler named Cyrus would release the Jews from captivity. Isaiah prophesied more about the Messiah than any other book in the Old Testament. He also described in great detail the blessings of the future kingdom of the Messiah. His coming would be as a lion bringing the day of God's wrath, but he would also first come as a savior who would die for the sins of the people. This was Isaiah's message, the humility and beauty of the Savior.
1:1-1:20 The Wickedness of Judah 1:21-1:31 The Degenerate City 2:1-2:4 The Future House of God 2:5-4:1 Judgment pronounced on arrogance 4:2-4:6 The Future Glory of the Survivors of Zion 5:1-5:7 The Song of the Unfaithful Vineyard 5:8-5:23 Social Injustice Denounced 5:24-5:30 Foreign Invasion Predicted 6:1-6:13 A Vision of God in the Temple 7:1-7:9 Isaiah Reassures King Ahaz 7:10-7:25 Isaiah Gives Ahaz the Sign of Immanuel 8:1-8:15 Isaiah's Son a Sign of the Assyrian Invasion 8:16-8:22 Disciples of Isaiah 9:1-9:7 The Righteous Reign of the Coming King 9:8-10:4 Judgment on Arrogance and Oppression 10:5-10:19 Arrogant Assyria Also Judged 10:20-10:34 The Repentant Remnant of Israel 11:1-11:9 The Peaceful Kingdom 11:10-11:16 Return of the Remnant of Israel and Judah 12:1-12:6 Thanksgiving and Praise 13:1-13:22 Proclamation against Babylon 14:1-14:2 Restoration of Judah 14:3-14:23 Downfall of the King of Babylon 14:24-14:27 An Oracle concerning Assyria 14:28-14:32 An Oracle concerning Philistia 15:1-16:14 An Oracle concerning Moab 17:1-17:14 An Oracle concerning Damascus 18:1-18:7 An Oracle concerning Ethiopia 19:1-19:17 An Oracle concerning Egypt 19:18-19:25 Egypt, Assyria, and Israel Blessed 20:1-20:6 Isaiah Dramatizes the Conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia 21:1-21:17 Oracles concerning Babylon, Edom, and Arabia 22:1-22:14 A Warning of Destruction of Jerusalem 22:15-22:25 Denunciation of Self-Seeking Officials 23:1-23:18 An Oracle concerning Tyre 24:1-24:23 Impending Judgment on the Earth 25:1-25:12 Praise for Deliverance from Oppression 26:1-26:21 Judah's Song of Victory 27:1-27:13 Israel's Redemption 28:1-28:29 Judgment on Corrupt Rulers, Priests, and Prophets 29:1-29:16 The Siege of Jerusalem 29:17-29:24 Hope for the Future 30:1-30:7 The Futility of Reliance on Egypt 30:8-30:17 A Rebellious People 30:18-30:26 God's Promise to Zion 30:27-30:33 Judgment on Assyria 31:1-31:9 Alliance with Egypt Is Futile 32:1-32:8 Government with Justice Predicted 32:9-32:15 Complacent Women Warned of Disaster 32:16-32:20 The Peace of God's Reign 33:1-33:16 A Prophecy of Deliverance From Foes 33:17-33:24 The Land of the Majestic King 34:1-34:17 Judgment on the Nations 35:1-35:10 The Return of the Redeemed to Zion 36:1-36:22 Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem 37:1-37:13 Hezekiah Consults Isaiah 37:14-37:35 Hezekiah's Prayer 37:36-37:38 Sennacherib's Defeat and Death 38:1-38:22 Hezekiah's Illness 39:1-39:8 Envoys from Babylon Welcomed 40:1-40:31 God's People Are Comforted 41:1-41:20 Israel Assured of God's Help 41:21-41:29 The Futility of Idols 42:1-42:9 The Servant, a Light to the Nations 42:10-42:25 A Hymn of Praise 43:1-43:28 Restoration and Protection Promised 44:1-44:8 God's Blessing on Israel 44:9-44:20 The Absurdity of Idol Worship 44:21-44:28 Israel Is Not Forgotten 45:1-45:19 Cyrus, God's Instrument 45:20-46:13 Idols Cannot Save Babylon 47:1-47:15 The Humiliation of Babylon 48:1-48:22 God the Creator and Redeemer 49:1-49:7 The Servant's Mission 49:8-50:3 Zion's Children to Be Brought Home 50:4-50:11 The Servant's Humiliation and Vindication 51:1-51:23 Blessings in Store for God's People 52:1-52:12 Let Zion Rejoice 52:13-53:12 The Suffering Servant 54:1-54:17 The Eternal Covenant of Peace 55:1-55:13 An Invitation to Abundant Life 56:1-56:8 The Covenant Extended to All Who Obey 56:9-56:12 The Corruption of Israel's Rulers 57:1-57:13 Israel's Futile Idolatry 57:14-57:21 A Promise of Help and Healing 58:1-58:14 False and True Worship 59:1-59:20 Injustice and Oppression to Be Punished 60:1-60:18 The Ingathering of the Dispersed 60:19-60:22 God the Glory of Zion 61:1-61:11 The Good News of Deliverance 62:1-62:12 The Vindication and Salvation of Zion 63:1-63:6 Vengeance on Edom 63:7-63:14 God's Mercy Remembered 63:15-64:12 A Prayer of Penitence 65:1-65:16 The Righteousness of God's Judgment 65:17-65:25 The Glorious New Creation 66:1-66:4 The Worship God Demands 66:5-66:13 The Lord Vindicates Zion 66:14-66:24 The Reign and Indignation of God