An outline of the Book of Haggai
Hebrew Name -
Haggai prophesied to the Jews who had
returned from captivity. The time was 520 BC, 18 years after the king of Persia
allow them to return to rebuild the Temple. Samaritans from the north had caused
all the work in the Temple to come to a halt. 16 years had gone by and people
were more interested in working on their houses than rebuilding the Temple. The
prophet Haggai encouraged God's people to finish rebuilding the Temple that
Zerubbabel had started. Haggai also said that the recent problems they were
experiencing is because of their laziness in the things of God. The prophet
Zechariah encouraged them as well and within four years the Temple was
completed. Haggai also told them to "be strong" and promised them that because
of their obedience the blessings of God would come to them from that day
forward, and "the glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the
former." Haggai made the glorious promise that the people of the world will come
to the "Desire of All Nations", referring to the Messiah, and God will fill the
Temple with glory.
Greek Name - Aggaeus (Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Haggai (According to Tradition)
Date - 520 BC Approximately
Theme - The Rebuilding of the Temple
Types and Shadows - In Haggai Jesus is the Desire of all Nations
The prophet Haggai was the first of the three prophets during the Persian period who prophesied to the Jews who had returned from captivity, the other two prophets were Zechariah and Malachi. Haggai was also mentioned by Ezra as a co-worker with Zechariah in prophesying to the people and they prospered in completing the construction of the Second Temple.
"And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they builded, and finished [it], according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia." Ezra 6:14
The prophecies in the book of Haggai were delivered in a four month period in 520 BC, "the second year of Darius the King" (Haggai 1:1).
In 536 BC, 70 years after the Babylonian captivity began, the Persian ruler Cyrus gave permission for the Jews to return to Judah and rebuild their temple. Zerubbabel was the governor, and Jeshua what was the high priest. Soon after their return they began to rebuild the Temple of Solomon which had been demolished. The foundation stone was laid in the second month of the second year after the return (Ezra 3:8-10). Those who opposed the construction of the Temple were the Samaritans, they were the descendants of the foreigners from around the Assyrian Empire who had been placed in Samaria after the Assyrian captivity in 722 BC (2 Kings 17:24-41).
The Samaritans caused all the work on the Temple to stop, people have become lazy after this and focused more under houses. They allowed the Lords Temple to go unfinished for 16 years, and this is when Haggai began to prophesy. The focus of Haggai was to wake them from their sleep, and realize who they were and the great opportunity the Lord had given them to rebuild His Temple.
"For thus says the LORD of hosts: "Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land; 'and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations, and I will fill this temple with glory,' says the LORD of hosts. Haggai 2:6-7
1:1-1:15 The Command to Rebuild the Temple 2:1-2:9 The Future Glory of the Temple 2:10-2:19 A Rebuke and a Promise 2:20-2:23 God's Promise to Zerubbabel